There are numerous pathologies that can develop in the jaws ranging from small cysts which are incidentally found on routine radiographic examination to large cysts which can cause facial swellings or asymmetry. To understand the type of pathology we usually do a biopsy. The biopsy may be an Incisional biopsy or an excisional biopsy. This is based on the surgeon’s opinion and the nature and the size of the lesion or growth in the jaws.
Using laser we can do the biopsy as a bloodless procedure. The vast array of pathologies, and the wide range of treatment they require ranging from simple laser excision to jaw resection is why you have to consult an oral and maxillofacial surgeon as early as you see something abnormal in your face or inside your mouth. The abnormality can even be as simple as a non healing ulcer or a small tissue tag inside the mouth.